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What are the Differences Between Rogers RO4000 and RO4003C?

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Rogers RO4000 series and RO4003C are high-frequency circuit boards that are widely used in RF and microwave circuit design. The following are some differences between RO4000 series and RO4003C:

Dielectric Constant (Dk):

The RO4000 series provides materials with different Dk values to meet the needs of different applications. For example, RO4360G2 has a higher Dk value of 6.15, while RO4003C has a Dk value of 3.38.

Loss Factor (Df):

RO4003C has a low loss factor (Df: 0.0027 @ 10 GHz), which makes it ideal for applications requiring low loss characteristics.

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE):

The Z-axis thermal expansion coefficient of RO4003C is 46ppm/℃, which is similar to copper materials and provides excellent dimensional stability.

Flammability Rating:

RO4003C material is not brominated and cannot meet the UL 94V-0 flame retardant rating standard. If the application requires a UL 94V-0 flame retardant rating, other models such as RO4835™ and RO4350B™ are available.

Processing Technology:

RO4003C laminate is compatible with traditional PCB manufacturing technology and does not require special pre-processing processes, which helps reduce costs and improve production efficiency.

Cost:

RO4003C is a material targeted at cost-sensitive microwave/RF designs and may provide a more cost-effective solution in some cases.

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Application:

Typical applications of RO4003C include microstrip lines, cellular base station antennas, automotive radars and sensors, point-to-point microwave communications, power amplifiers and RFID antennas, etc.

Material Composition:

RO4003C is a proprietary glass cloth-reinforced, ceramic-filled hydrocarbon composite material that combines the electrical properties of PTFE/glass cloth with the processability of epoxy resin/glass cloth.

Product Line:

The RO4000 series may include a number of different materials and configurations to suit different design and performance requirements, and RO4003C is one material in the series with specific electrical properties.

Environmental Adaptability:

The RO4000 series may contain a variety of materials, which may vary in water absorption, thermal conductivity, etc. to suit different environmental and application conditions.

Product Specifications and Variety:

The RO4000 series may contain a number of different material specifications to suit a wider range of application needs, with RO4003C being one specific product with fixed electrical characteristics.

Mechanical Behavior:

Some materials in the RO4000 series may have different mechanical properties, such as flexural strength and heat resistance, properties that are critical to ensuring circuit board reliability under mechanical stress.

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Thermal Stability:

The glass transition temperature (Tg) of RO4000 series materials can vary, with higher Tg values generally meaning better thermal stability and long-term reliability.

Environmental Standards:

Certain materials in the RO4003C and RO4000 series may comply with specific environmental standards, such as RoHS (Restriction of the Use of Hazardous Substances), which may be critical for compliance in specific markets or applications.

RF Performance:

Different RO4000 series materials may differ in RF performance, such as insertion loss, return loss and intermodulation performance, which are critical to the performance of RF circuits.

Thickness Selection:

The RO4003C and RO4000 series may be available in different thickness options to suit different design needs.

Market Positioning:

RO4003C may be positioned more towards cost-sensitive applications, while the RO4000 series may include higher-end materials for applications requiring higher performance.

Certifications and Standards:

Certain materials in the RO4000 series may have additional certifications and comply with more stringent industry standards, which may be critical for certain industry applications.

Supply Chain and Availability:

Different RO4000 series materials may have varying availability in the global supply chain, which may impact sourcing decisions and production plans.

Design Flexibility:

Since the RO4000 series offers materials with a variety of Dk and Df values, it may provide greater flexibility in circuit design.

When selecting appropriate materials, engineers need to consider factors such as the circuit's operating frequency, power requirements, cost budget, processing technology, mechanical and thermal performance requirements, and environmental standards. Each material has its own unique advantages and limitations, so selecting the most appropriate material is critical to ensuring circuit performance and reliability.

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