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The concept of high-frequency PCB board and its unique features

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High frequency PCB board refers to the electromagnetic frequency of the higher special circuit boards for high frequency (frequency greater than 300MHZ or wavelength of less than 1 meter) and microwave (frequency greater than 3GHZ or wavelength of less than 0.1 meters) in the field of PCB, is in the microwave substrate copper-clad laminate boards on the use of ordinary rigid circuit boards manufactured using some of the processes or the use of special treatment methods and the production of circuit boards.

What are the materials used to make high frequency PCBs?

The performance of HF boards in wireless or other high-frequency applications depends on the building materials. For many applications, the use of laminated FR4 materials improves dielectric properties. Commonly used boards when manufacturing HF PCBs are Rogers,  Taconic, Isola , F4B (Teflon), TP-2, FR4, Panasonic, and other boards.

The level of DF of the general material directly determines the performance of the PCB:

DK (Dielectric constant of DK material, indicates the ability to store charge.) It should be small and stable enough, usually the smaller the better, high DK may cause delay in signal transmission.

DF (DF is the loss angle of the material, the signal transfer in the material is not entirely along the signal path forward, there will be a part of the material through the flow of the nearby conductor.) It should be very small, which mainly affects the quality of the signal transmission. A smaller DF reduces the signal loss accordingly.

The coefficient of thermal expansion should be as close as possible to that of the copper foil, as the difference can cause the foil to separate during hot and cold changes.

In humid environments, water absorption must be low; high water absorption will affect DK and DF.

Heat resistance, chemical resistance, impact resistance, and peel resistance must be good.

The coefficient of thermal expansion of HF PCBs needs to be the same as copper foil as much as possible, because HF PCBs may cause separation of copper foil under alternating hot and cold conditions, as much as possible, so as to guarantee that the performance of HF PCBs can be perfect. High frequency PCB is characterized by heat resistance, chemical resistance, impact resistance, good peeling resistance.

PCB-65

What are the advantages of high frequency PCB board so popular?

High Eefficiency

In general, the consumption loss of high frequency circuit boards thanks to its smaller dielectric constant, that is, from the performance of the materials he used, so its consumption is naturally smaller than other circuit boards. In such excellent inherent conditions, at the forefront of technological development of induction heating technology can also meet the needs of the target heating, making high-frequency circuit boards very high efficiency. Of course, in the pursuit of efficiency at the same time, can not give up environmental protection.

Fast Working Speed

It is well known that the transmission speed is proportional to the dielectric constant. In terms of electrical principles, the transmission speed is inversely proportional to the square root of the dielectric constant, that is, the larger the dielectric constant, the slower the transmission speed; the smaller the dielectric constant, the faster the transmission speed. This is one of the reasons why PCB high frequency board is so popular. It uses special materials that can well ensure the characteristics of small dielectric constant and also the transmission speed, while making the operation of the board relatively stable.

Adaptability

It is widely used in high frequency circuit boards in a variety of industries that require heating treatment of precision metal materials. In its technical field, it not only realizes the heating of components at different depths, but also concentrates the heating for local characteristics, whether it is the surface or the depth, the centralized or decentralized heating method can be easily accomplished.

Highly tolerant and resistant to interference

The environment affects the composition of the medium, so high-frequency circuit boards still have some environmental requirements, especially in the south, where the weather is more humid. HF circuit boards are well adapted to such environments. High frequency circuit boards made from materials with very low water absorption can challenge such environments. At the same time, it is desirable to make the PCB circuit boards chemically resistant so that they can withstand humidity and high temperatures in humid environments and have great peel strength.

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